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[YouTube] The Truth About Net Neutrality

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Advocates say that Net Neutrality means guaranteeing free speech on the Internet. Without it, big telecoms could control what you see and how you see it. But what is the truth about Net Neutrality?

 

Sources

Brief Technical Introduction

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overselling

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contention_ratio

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Network_congestion

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peering

 

United States Internet

http://www.bloomberg.com/slideshow/2013-07-23/top-20-where-to-find-the-world-s-fastest-internet.html

http://www.ispreview.co.uk/index.php/2012/11/europe-release-study-of-broadband-internet-access-costs-in-2012.html

http://www.netindex.com/download/allcountries

 

Birth of a Monopoly

http://www.mackinac.org/6768

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communications_Act_of_1934

http://njmonthly.com/articles/towns_and_schools/history/30-and-counting-breakup-of-att.html

 

Bell System Breakup

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AT%26T_divestiture

http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=IxHIYjw0ywwC&pg=PA116

 

Rise of the Internet

http://ecommerce.hostip.info/pages/623/Internet-Service-Provider-ISP-HISTORY-DEVELOPMENT.html

 

1996 Reform

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telecommunications_Act_of_1996

http://www.academia.edu/2214841/The_American_Corporate_Media_Lobby_and_the_Telecommunications_Act_of_1996

http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=zRcEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA39

http://www.vox.com/cards/network-neutrality/why-did-the-court-rule-the-fccs-network-neutrality-rules-illegal

 

Aftermath

http://ecommerce.hostip.info/pages/624/Internet-Service-Provider-ISP-PROLIFERATION-CONSOLIDATION.html

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/746032/Internet-service-provider-ISP

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winstar_Communications#History

http://money.cnn.com/1996/08/26/deals/mfs

http://www.verizonenterprise.com/news/en/1996/08/mfs-worldcom-merger

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tele-Communications_Inc.#Merger

http://criterioneconomics.com/wp/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/The_Failure_of_Good_Intentions1.pdf

http://www.cato.org/publications/commentary/why-telecommunications-act-is-failing

 

Crash

http://articles.latimes.com/1997/sep/19/business/fi-33864

http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB963966202396119901

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telecoms_crash

http://www.economist.com/node/1234886

http://www.billingviews.com/lobbyists-crushed-96-broadband

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dot-com_bubble

http://mashable.com/2012/09/17/telecom-monopoly-internet-equality

http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2000/01/merg-j14.html

 

Merger Frenzy

http://www.opensecrets.org/lobby/top.php?showYear=2013

http://www.billingworld.com/news/2011/11/study-at-t-verizon-get-huge-tax-breaks.aspx

http://articles.philly.com/2010-01-04/business/25210514_1_law-firms-altman-weil-legal-consulting-firm

 

Level 3 Accusations

http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2014/03/level-3-blames-internet-slowdowns-on-isps-refusal-to-upgrade-networks/

https://www.yahoo.com/tech/major-u-s-internet-providers-accused-of-deliberately-84924844214.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Level_3_Communications

http://blog.level3.com/global-connectivity/chicken-game-played-child-isps-internet

 

Google Fiber Threat

http://cdn2.sbnation.com/assets/3997821/Day_One_Undetakings_Letter_2_13_14.pdf

 

Monopoly Pressure

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/24/business/media/comcast-and-netflix-reach-a-streaming-agreement.html

http://arstechnica.com/business/2014/02/verizon-ceo-confident-about-getting-payments-from-netflix-too

http://mashable.com/2014/04/28/verizon-peering-netflix-comcast

http://time.com/80192/netflix-verizon-paid-peering-agreement

http://consumerist.com/2014/02/25/netflix-also-talking-deals-with-att-verizon

 

Netflix Complaints

http://consumerist.com/2014/05/29/netflix-ceo-says-comcast-is-coming-for-the-whole-internet

http://mashable.com/2014/05/29/reed-hastings-netflix-comcast-blast

 

Google's Response

http://www.wired.com/2014/05/google-fiber-netflix

http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2014/05/why-google-fiber-unlike-comcast-gives-netflix-free-peering

http://googlefiberblog.blogspot.co.uk/2014/05/minimizing-buffering.html

 

Event Timeline

http://transition.fcc.gov/Bureaus/Cable/News_Releases/2002/nrcb0201.html

http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=388863

https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DOC-243556A1.pdf

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/06/28/technology/28broadband.html

https://www.publicknowledge.org/pdf/FCC-05-151A1.pdf

http://www.techlawjournal.com/topstories/2005/20050805.asp

http://news.cnet.com/FCC-changes-DSL-classification/2100-1034_3-5820713.html

http://news.cnet.com/Musician-Moby-raises-voice-for-Net-neutrality/2100-1028_3-6074096.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Series_of_tubes

http://news.cnet.com/FCC-approves-ATT-BellSouth-merger/2100-1036_3-6146369.html

http://arstechnica.com/business/2007/01/8528

http://arstechnica.com/uncategorized/2007/08/pearl-jam-censored-by-att-calls-for-a-neutral-net

https://www.eff.org/wp/packet-forgery-isps-report-comcast-affair

https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2008/08/fcc-rules-against-comcast-bit-torrent-blocking

http://www.cnet.com/uk/news/comcast-packs-em-in-at-fcc-hearing

http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/story?id=5747761

http://www.cnet.com/uk/news/obama-pledges-net-neutrality-laws-if-elected-president

http://www.vox.com/2014/5/2/5665890/beyond-net-neutrality-the-new-battle-for-the-future-of-the-internet

https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-09-93A1.pdf

http://www.internetnews.com/infra/article.php/3845096/FCC+Begins+March+Toward+Net+Neutrality.htm

http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702303411604575167782845712768

https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DOC-297944A1.pdf

http://www.cnet.com/uk/news/the-fccs-disingenuous-third-way-on-broadband

http://mashable.com/2010/08/05/google-verizon-net-neutrality-2

http://mashable.com/2010/08/05/fcc-google-verizon

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FCC_Open_Internet_Order_2010

http://www.reuters.com/article/2010/12/22/us-fcc-internet-rules-idUSTRE6BJ5DF20101222

http://www.cnet.com/uk/news/verizon-sues-again-to-block-net-neutrality-rules

http://gigaom.com/2012/09/18/att-will-be-slapped-with-net-neutrality-complaint-over-facetime-blocking

http://www.dslreports.com/shownews/ATT-Unshackles-Facetime-Slightly-122785

https://www.publicknowledge.org/news-blog/blogs/these-rules

http://www.latimes.com/business/hiltzik/la-fi-mh-net-neutrality-20140114-story.html

http://www.theverge.com/2014/2/19/5425808/fcc-chair-announces-plan-for-new-net-neutrality-rules

http://www.latimes.com/business/technology/la-fi-mo-net-neutrality-fcc-protestors-wheeler-20140515-story.html

http://www.theverge.com/2014/7/15/5902179/net-neutrality-proposal-comment-period-extended-by-fcc

http://www.theinquirer.net/inquirer/news/2355185/comments-on-net-neutrality-top-half-a-million-as-fcc-deadline-looms

 

FCC Corruption: Michael Powell

http://www.rttnews.com/1105049/aol-forms-nine-member-board-former-fcc-chief-michael-powell-ceo-tim-armstrong-among-the-nominated-update.aspx

http://www.forbes.com/profile/michael-powell-1/

http://www.nytimes.com/2001/01/12/technology/12AOL.html

http://www.dslreports.com/shownews/Former-FCC-Boss-Michael-Powell-Now-Top-Cable-Lobbyist-113177

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Powell_(politician)#President_of_NCTA

http://arstechnica.com/business/2014/04/cable-lobbyist-who-once-led-the-fcc-is-glad-he-didnt-regulate-the-internet

https://www.ncta.com/news-and-events/media-room/article/2325

http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Former+FCC+Chairman+Michael+Powell+Joins+Providence+Equity+Partners...-a0135018769

http://newsroom.cisco.com/dlls/2007/corp_032207.html?CMP=ILC-001

http://blogs.wsj.com/moneybeat/2014/01/06/latest-mover-through-pes-revolving-door-fcc-chair-goes-to-carlyle/

 

FCC Corruption: Kevin Martin

http://articles.philly.com/2008-07-03/news/25245337_1_cable-industry-cable-bills-cable-competitors

http://www.dslreports.com/shownews/Kevin-Martin-Doesnt-Hate-Cable-He-Just-Loves-Ma-Bell-89456

http://www.dslreports.com/shownews/83628

https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20051214/1631227.shtml

http://news.cnet.com/FCC-chief-backs-Net-phone-taxes/2100-7352_3-5995488.html

http://en.wikinews.org/wiki/FCC_head_Kevin_Martin_endorses_telcos%27_tiered_Internet_plan

http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB121760649709704897

https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20080310/004649483.shtml

https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20070101/224728.shtml

http://en.wikinews.org/wiki/FCC_head_Kevin_Martin_endorses_telcos'_tiered_Internet_plan

http://voices.washingtonpost.com/posttech/2010/02/kevin_martin_former_fcc_chair.html

http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9230795/Former_FCC_Chairman_Kevin_Martin_lobbies_for_LightSquared

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LightSquared

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kevin_Martin_(FCC)#Subsequent_career

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kevin_Martin_(FCC)#Legacy

 

FCC Corruption: Julius Genachowski

http://www.dslreports.com/shownews/FCC-Boss-Julius-Genachowski-Has-Been-a-Timid-Failure-122409

https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20120927/05465620529/fcc-boss-broadband-caps-are-good-no-bad-no-good-wait-who-am-i-talking-to-again.shtml

http://www.dslreports.com/shownews/FCC-Boss-Blind-to-Pitfalls-of-Broadband-Caps-121374

http://www.cnet.com/uk/news/the-fccs-disingenuous-third-way-on-broadband/

http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2010/12/throttle-away

http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2013/03/so-long-julius-fcc-chair-lauded-by-industry-blasted-by-activists

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Carlyle_Group

http://www.carlyle.com/news-room/news-release-archive/carlyle-group-acquire-telecable-spanish-based-telecommunications-prov

 

FCC Corruption: Meredith Baker

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meredith_Attwell_Baker#Telecommunications_lobbyist

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/05/11/meredith-attwell-baker-comcast-nbcuniversal_n_860889.html

http://corporate.comcast.com/news-information/news-feed/meredith-attwell-baker-fcc-commissioner-to-join-comcast-as-senior-vice-president-of-government-affairs-nbcuniversal

http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/post-tech/post/fcc-commissioner-meredith-baker-to-join-comcast-nbc/2011/05/11/AFYfl1rG_blog.html

http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2011/05/daily-show-mocks-fccs-baker-for-taking-comcast-job

http://www.adweek.com/news/technology/meredith-baker-exits-comcast-wireless-lobby-157196

http://www.ctia.org/resource-library/press-releases/archive/meredith-attwell-baker-named-chief-executive-officer-of-ctia-the-wireless-association

https://www.opensecrets.org/news/2014/04/the-comcast-fcc-revolving-door

 

FCC Corruption: Tom Wheeler

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tom_Wheeler

http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2013/05/uh-oh-ats-new-chairman

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/may/01/obama-tom-wheeler-fcc

http://gothamist.com/2014/04/25/who_is_tom_wheeler_and_why_is_he_ki.php

http://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/johncassidy/2013/05/tom--wheeler-federal-communications-commission.html

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this was a great presentation, I learned quite a bit and I thought I already knew all I needed to know on the subject. sharing!

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Net neutrality sounds like a nice idea but fundamentally it's no different from any other immoral market regulation, private businesses ought to be able to offer services to customers however they wish and it's up to the customers to negotiate or pick a service that suits their needs.

 

More data transfer costs more money, that's a fact of life just as real as offering more gas or electricity to someones home costs more money, if you want more then you need to pay more. One of the biggest problems that customers do not understand is the actual cost of bandwidth, almost all home users have contended services which means they share a fixed amount of bandwidth with a number of other users and their speed at any one time depends on how many people sharing the same "pipe" are downloading. This is done not to scam users but in order to use resources more effectively and provide them with broadband at lower prices than they would otherwise, that's why home connections can often be less than £10 a month.

 

If you want completely uncapped and uncontested data then you can have that, simply sign up for a 1:1 line with the business, but you'll have to be prepared to pay closer to £1000 a month for that connection, when people learn this their complaints about the "problems" with contended services, or indeed services that block particular types of traffic, or prioritize traffic in order to curb data usage, soon start to fade away as an acceptable trade off for the cost.

 

"But poor people will be stuck in the slow lane and rich people will be in the fast lane!" - Sure...and rich people can afford more electricity, if you're poor and you want a neutral net then either pick a slower broadband service and stream lower quality media, or pick a fast broadband service but which comes with monthly data caps and stream high quality media but a limited amount of it. Educate yourself on why data costs money, what it costs and what packages present the best trade offs between speed, data allowance, data neutrality and cost which are most appropriate for your usage.

 

*edit*

 

One thing I will add about regulation, which I disagree with, is that if you have an established monopoly on something like telecommunications like we had in the UK for as long as we've had phone lines, is that government intervention can speed up the death of a monopoly which is good for the consumer in the long run.

 

The history in the UK is that British Telecom (BT) were the only provisioners of ADSL ended up with a monopoly, the cost of implementing new infrastructure to a vast majority of the country is just too expensive for any private company to invest in and even if they did they cannot beat the margins of a business that doesn't have to field those costs. The communications regulator Ofcom stepped in and price fixed BTs packages, they allowed their exchanges to be opened up to competitors and allowed local loop unbundling (LLU) operators to form their own back-end networks utilizing the existing phone lines.

 

It's individual exchanges that are unbundled and as soon as competition exists at an exchange then BT don't have to price fix anymore, and after a relatively short 10 or so years we've seen the number of competitors go from none to about 10-15 on popular exchanges. This is great for the customer and reintroduces balance into a market that it's notoriously difficult to grow, while customers had to deal with fixed BT prices for a long time ultimately it paid off and we have a really healthy market now with lots of competition and really low prices.

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